See table below with dates for some well-known meteor shower. Plan in advance, as it is always a wonderful spectacle!

Learn more about this delightful astronomical event shortly after this table.

 

Name Max. (approx.) Radiant Constelation Amount Per Hour (average) Associated Comet
Quadrantids 3 janeiro Big Dipper 100 C/1490 Y1 or C/1385 U1
Lyrids 22 abril Lyra 10 Thatcher
Pi-Puppídeas??? 23 de abril Puppis 5 26P/Grigg-Skjellerup
Eta Aquarids 4-6 maio Aquarius 20 Halley
Camelopardalids 24 maio Camelopardalis 20 209P/LINEAR
Arietídeas??? 7 junho Áries 60 96P/Machholz & groups Marsden & Kracht
Bootídeas de Juno??? 28 junho Boötes 2 Pons-Winnecke
Delta Aquarids 29 julho Aquarius 20 96P/Machholz & groups Marsden & Kracht
Alfa Capricornídeas??? Aug 1st Capricórnio 5 169P/NEAT
Perseids Aug 12th Perseus 80 Swift-Tuttle
Kappa Cignídeas??? Aug 18th Cisne 5 2008 ED69 (asteroide)
Alfa-Aurigídeas??? Sep 1st Auriga 10 C/1911 N1 (Kiess)
Draconids Oct 8th Draco 500 21P/Giacobini-Zinner
Orionids Oct 20-22 Orion 25 Halley
South Taurids Nov 5th Taurus 15 Enke
North Taurids Nov 8th Taurus 15 2004 TG10 (asteroides) e outros
Andromedíades??? Nov 9th Andrômeda 3 3D/Biela
Leonídeas??? Nov 16-18 Leão 15 Temple-Tuttle
Alfa-Monocerotídeas??? Nov 21-22 Monoceros 5 ?
Foenicídeas??? Dec 5th Fênix 5 289P/Blanpain
Geminids Dec 12-15 Gemini 75 Phaeton (asteroide)
Ursídeas??? Dec 22nd Ursa Menor 10 8P/Tuttle

 

Meteror showers phenomena happens when our planet crosses streams of cosmic debris left by comets or asteroids. As they approach the sun, comets leave part of its volatile material, creating structures also known as comet tail and coma. In the evaporation process, solid particles are also released from the nucleus. When planet earth crosses this trail left by the comet, the solid particles left behind enter in the atmosphere producing this amazing spectacle called meteor shower. There same phenomena may be produced by asteroid’s particles, though very rare but it happens. Collided asteroids, or astral bodies that used to be comets, but lost volatile material, may also leave trails of solid particles.

As Earth’s orbit along with the orbits of various comets and asteroids, it is possible to forecast dates for meteor showers. We are incapable, however, to precisely measure the amount of meteors for the upcoming shower.

At each shower, there is a specific region where the meteors seem to be coming from, this region is called radiant, and each shower is named after the position of the constellation  where the radiant is localized.